Lipid Profile /Full Cholesterol test
Cholesterol is a fatty substance mostly created by the liver from the fatty foods in your diet and is vital for the normal functioning of the body.
Total Cholesterol - Total cholesterol measures the overall amount of cholesterol in your blood, including both "good" (HDL) and "bad" (LDL) cholesterol.
Triglycerides - Triglycerides are a fatty substance similar to bad cholesterol. High levels of triglycerides can cause heart disease.
LDL Cholesterol - LDL (low-density lipoprotein) can be considered as “bad cholesterol”. This makes you more likely to have heart problems or a stroke.
HDL Cholesterol - HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol can be considered “good cholesterol”. this makes you less likely to have heart problems or a stroke.
Non-HDL Cholesterol - Non-HDL cholesterol, as its name implies, subtracts your high-density lipoprotein (HDL, or "good") cholesterol number from your total cholesterol number. So it contains all the "bad" types of cholesterol.
HDL % of total/Total HDL Ratio - This is the ratio of all the "bad" types of cholesterol to total cholesterol. The higher the number, the greater the chance of heart problems
The haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test measures the amount of blood sugar (glucose) attached to your haemoglobin. haemoglobin is the part of your red blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body.
Liver function test
When the liver is damaged, it releases substances called enzymes into the blood and levels of proteins produced by the liver begin to drop. By measuring the levels of these enzymes and proteins, it's possible to build up a picture of how well the liver is functioning. This can help to diagnose certain liver conditions, including hepatitis, cirrhosis (liver scarring), and alcohol-related liver disease.
Total protein - Your liver is in charge of making most of the proteins that are in your blood. The total protein test measures all the proteins in your blood.
Globulin - This is a group of proteins. Some of them are made by your liver. Others are made by your immune system. They help fight infection and transport nutrients.
Gamma GT - Gamma GT is a common enzyme found in many of your body’s tissues and organs, including your liver. It plays a part in breaking down, changing, and moving proteins and other molecules in your body.
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) - Your body uses ALT to break down food into energy. Normally, ALT levels in the blood are low. If your liver is damaged, it will release more ALT into your blood and levels will rise.
Albumin - This carries medicines and hormones throughout your body. It also helps with tissue growth and healing
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) - Alkaline phosphatase is one kind enzyme found in your body. Enzymes are proteins that help chemical reactions happen. If your liver isn’t working properly, the amount of ALP in your blood may be high.
Bilirubin - Bilirubin is a pigment that occurs normally when part of your red blood cells break down. Your liver takes the bilirubin from your blood and changes its chemical make-up so that it can be passed through your body. If your bilirubin levels are higher than normal, it’s a sign that either your red blood cells are breaking down at an unusual rate or that your liver isn’t breaking down waste properly and clearing the bilirubin from your blood.