The haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test measures the amount of blood sugar (glucose) attached to your haemoglobin. haemoglobin is the part of your red blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body.
Heart disease is usually as a result of fatty deposits in the arteries causing narrowing and poor blood supply. This blood test measures markers of inflammation specific to this process and can help to predict an otherwise well person’s cardiac risk.
Folate (Vitamin B9)
Folate (also called Vitamin B9) occurs naturally in a variety of foods. Sometimes, manufacturers fortify foods with folate’s synthetic form, which is called “folic acid”. Folate deficiency can be associated with muscle weakness, fatigue, mental impairment, and vision problems
Also called "corrected calcium", is an estimate of the total calcium concentration in the body
Full Iron Profile
Iron is a mineral in your body that comes from foods like red meat and fortified cereals or from supplements you take. You need iron to make red blood cells. Iron is also an important part of haemoglobin, a protein in your blood that helps carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. An iron test can show if you have too much or too little of this mineral in your system.
Ferritin - Ferritin is a protein which stores iron. This test indicates if your body's iron stores are low and you have iron deficiency or if you have too much iron. It could also point to liver disease, rheumatoid arthritis, other inflammatory conditions or hyperthyroidism.
Iron Serum - A serum iron test measures how much iron is in your serum. Serum is the liquid that’s left over from your blood when red blood cells and clotting factors have been removed. The test can reveal abnormally low or high blood iron levels. Having too much iron — or not enough — can cause serious health problems.
TIBC - Total Iron Binding Capacity - A total iron-binding capacity test tells you how much transferrin in your blood is binding to iron, which tells you how well iron is functioning in your body.
UIBC - Unsaturated Iron Binding - Unsaturated iron-binding capacity is related to the total iron-binding capacity test and measures how much transferrin is not yet bound to iron.
Transferrin Saturation - Capacity - Your liver makes a protein called transferrin that attaches to, or binds to, iron in your blood. Once iron is bound to transferrin, it goes to your bone marrow to make red blood cells and haemoglobin, a protein that helps carry oxygen.
Kidney function test
This blood test looks at important salts in the blood which control chemical and electrical cell processes. It also gives an indication of renal function and hydration.
Creatinine - Creatinine is a waste product from the normal breakdown of muscle tissue. This test measures how well your kidneys are working.
eGFR - Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is a measure of how well your kidneys filter blood.
Urea - Urea is a waste product our bodies produce and is the major component of urine.
Sodium - Sodium acts as the chief base of the blood where it aids in maintaining acid-base balance. It also functions to maintain osmotic pressure, aids in nerve impulse transmission, and is essential for cellular transport.
Chloride - Chloride helps maintain cellular integrity by playing a role in influencing osmotic pressure and the movement of fluid and minerals through the cell membrane. It is also essential for a healthy acid-base balance.
Lipid Profile /Full Cholesterol test
Cholesterol is a fatty substance mostly created by the liver from the fatty foods in your diet and is vital for the normal functioning of the body.
Total Cholesterol - Total cholesterol measures the overall amount of cholesterol in your blood, including both "good" (HDL) and "bad" (LDL) cholesterol.
Triglycerides - Triglycerides are a fatty substance similar to bad cholesterol. High levels of triglycerides can cause heart disease.
LDL Cholesterol - LDL (low-density lipoprotein) can be considered as “bad cholesterol”. This makes you more likely to have heart problems or a stroke.
HDL Cholesterol - HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol can be considered “good cholesterol”. this makes you less likely to have heart problems or a stroke.
Non-HDL Cholesterol - Non-HDL cholesterol, as its name implies, subtracts your high-density lipoprotein (HDL, or "good") cholesterol number from your total cholesterol number. So it contains all the "bad" types of cholesterol.
HDL % of total/Total HDL Ratio - This is the ratio of all the "bad" types of cholesterol to total cholesterol. The higher the number, the greater the chance of heart problems
Liver function test
When the liver is damaged, it releases substances called enzymes into the blood and levels of proteins produced by the liver begin to drop. By measuring the levels of these enzymes and proteins, it's possible to build up a picture of how well the liver is functioning. This can help to diagnose certain liver conditions, including hepatitis, cirrhosis (liver scarring), and alcohol-related liver disease.
Total protein - Your liver is in charge of making most of the proteins that are in your blood. The total protein test measures all the proteins in your blood.
Globulin - This is a group of proteins. Some of them are made by your liver. Others are made by your immune system. They help fight infection and transport nutrients.
Gamma GT - Gamma GT is a common enzyme found in many of your body’s tissues and organs, including your liver. It plays a part in breaking down, changing, and moving proteins and other molecules in your body.
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) - Your body uses ALT to break down food into energy. Normally, ALT levels in the blood are low. If your liver is damaged, it will release more ALT into your blood and levels will rise.
Albumin - This carries medicines and hormones throughout your body. It also helps with tissue growth and healing
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) - Alkaline phosphatase is one kind enzyme found in your body. Enzymes are proteins that help chemical reactions happen. If your liver isn’t working properly, the amount of ALP in your blood may be high.
Bilirubin - Bilirubin is a pigment that occurs normally when part of your red blood cells break down. Your liver takes the bilirubin from your blood and changes its chemical make-up so that it can be passed through your body. If your bilirubin levels are higher than normal, it’s a sign that either your red blood cells are breaking down at an unusual rate or that your liver isn’t breaking down waste properly and clearing the bilirubin from your blood.
The PSA test is a blood test used primarily to screen for prostate cancer. The test measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. PSA is a protein produced by both cancerous and noncancerous tissue in the prostate, a small gland that sits below the bladder in males.
is a sex hormone that is found in both males and females. It plays a key role in sexual development. Total Testosterone includes the testosterone bound to protein in the bloodstream as well as free testosterone. Free testosterone is testosterone that is not bound to proteins
Thyroid function test
Thyroid hormones help to regulate important body processes such as metabolism and brain development. Under or over-active thyroid problems can present with both physical, mental and metabolic disorders. This blood test can help diagnose thyroid problems, as well as monitor and guide treatment in established cases.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) - A TSH test is done to find out if your thyroid gland is working the way it should. It can tell you if it’s overactive (hyperthyroidism) or underactive (hypothyroidism).
Triiodothyronine (T3, free) - T3 is one of two major hormones made by your thyroid, a small, butterfly-shaped gland located near the throat. The other hormone is called thyroxine (T4) T3 and T4 work together to regulate how your body uses energy.
Thyroxine (FT4) - T4 is one of two major hormones made by your thyroid, a small, butterfly-shaped gland located near the throat. The other hormone is called Triiodothyronine (T3.) T3 and T4 work together to regulate how your body uses energy
Vitamin B12 and folate are part of the B vitamins group. B12 is important for red blood cell and DNA formation, as well as brain and nerve cell development. Folate is also important for red blood cell formation, and crucial in early pregnancy to reduce certain brain and spinal birth defects. It can give an indication of nutritional and/or malabsorption statuses.
Vitamin D and Calcium are important for good bone health. The blood test is used to screen for and monitor bone disorders. It can also give an indication of nutritional status, organ damage and other medical conditions.